What is a bronchial epithelial cell?

What is a bronchial epithelial cell?

The primary function of the bronchial epithelium is to act as a defensive barrier aiding the maintenance of normal airway function. Bronchial epithelial cells (BEC) form the interface between the external environment and the internal milieu, making it a major target of inhaled insults.

Does lung cancer affect epithelial cells?

As noted above, most lung cancers develop from the epithelial cells that line the airways. Lung cancers are also known as bronchogenic carcinomas because of their presumed origin from these airway epithelial lining cells.

What is epithelial lung cancer?

Adenocarcinoma. This type of NSCLC begins in the epithelial cells that line the outside of the lungs. These cells make mucus. It is the most common type of lung cancer at about 40% of all NSCLC cases.

What is bronchial epithelial dysplasia?

Epithelium alterations such as hyperplasia of goblet and basal cells, transitional-cell and/or squamous-cell metaplasia with cell polymorphism, disturbance of stratification are revealed in the bronchial biopsies and bronchi of the lungs surgically removed for cancer; these alterations are interpreted as dysplasia of …

What do epithelial cells do in the lungs?

Epithelial cells of the lung are located at the interface between the environment and the organism and serve many important functions including barrier protection, fluid balance, clearance of particulate, initiation of immune responses, mucus and surfactant production, and repair following injury.

What type of epithelial cells are in the lungs?

The majority of the respiratory tree, from the nasal cavity to the bronchi, is lined by pseudostratified columnar ciliated epithelium. The bronchioles are lined by simple columnar to the cuboidal epithelium, and the alveoli possess a lining of thin squamous epithelium that allows for gas exchange.

Which type of lung cancer originates in the bronchial epithelium?

Bronchogenic Carcinoma. Bronchogenic carcinoma is a malignant neoplasm of the lung arising from the epithelium of the bronchus or bronchiole. Bronchogenic carcinomas begin as a small focus of atypical epithelial cells within the bronchial mucosa.

Where do most lung cancers start?

Lung cancers typically start in the cells lining the bronchi and parts of the lung such as the bronchioles or alveoli.

Which type of lung cancer is most likely to metastasis?

Lung carcinomas when detected are most often in a metastatic stage IV. Lung carcinomas metastasize by lymphatic as well as blood vessels.

What type of epithelium is found in the lungs?

Respiratory epithelium is ciliated pseudostratified columnar epithelium found lining most of the respiratory tract; it is not present in the larynx or pharynx.

What do epithelial cells cause?

The most common cause of epithelial cells in urine is improper urine sample collection. Your doctor may, therefore, ask you to take another urine test. The presence of epithelial cells in urine may indicate infections, kidney disease, or (very rarely) a serious illness such as a tumor.