What are the classification of fracture?
Closed or open fractures: If the injury doesn’t break open the skin, it’s called a closed fracture. If the skin does open, it’s called an open fracture or compound fracture. Complete fractures: The break goes completely through the bone, separating it in two. Displaced fractures: A gap forms where the bone breaks.
What does AO OTA stand for?
■ Abbreviation / Long Form : AO/OTA / AO/Orthopaedic Trauma Association.
What are the types of open fractures?
Classification of Open Fractures
- Type 1: <1cm wound and clean.
- Type 2: 1-10cm wound and clean.
- Type 3A: >10cm wound and high-energy, but with adequate soft tissue coverage.
- Type 3B: >10cm wound and high-energy, but with inadequate soft tissue coverage.
- Type 3C: All injuries with vascular injury.
What causes pathological fractures?
Pathologic fractures are frequently caused by tumors. Tumors may originate in the vertebrae, or may be the result of cancer that has spread from elsewhere in the body. The spread of cancer is called metastasis. The vertebrae are a common site for metastasis.
What is the Salter Harris classification?
The Salter-Harris classification system is a method used to grade fractures that occur in children and involve the growth plate, which is also known as the physis or physial plate. The classification system grades fractures according to the involvement of the physis, metaphysis, and epiphysis.
What is the difference between a pathological and a traumatic fracture?
A bone fracture is a complete or incomplete discontinuity of bone caused by a direct or indirect force. A pathological bone fracture is a bone fracture which occurs without adequate trauma and is caused by a preexistent pathological bone lesion.
What is the most common pathological fracture?
The femoral neck and head are the most common locations for pathologic fracture because of the propensity for metastases to involve proximal bones and because of the stress of weight placed on this part of the femur.