What caused the New Zealand earthquake 2011?

What caused the New Zealand earthquake 2011?

The earthquake was caused by the rupture of a 15-kilometre-long fault along the southern edge of the city, from Cashmere to the Avon–Heathcote estuary. The fault slopes southward beneath the Port Hills and did not break the surface – scientists used instrument measurements to determine its location and movement.

What was New Zealand’s worst earthquake?

The biggest NZ earthquake – magnitude 8.2 Wairarapa earthquake in 1855. On an international scale, the 1855 earthquake is of major significance in terms of the area affected and the amount of fault movement.

What was the impact of the Christchurch earthquake 2011?

The Christchurch earthquake caused extensive damage to infrastructure and buildings. Multiple buildings collapsed, and the city was impacted by burst water mains, flooding, liquefaction and power outages. The port was damaged, and many roads cracked.

How long did it take New Zealand to recover from the 2011 earthquake?

It has been five years since a major earthquake hit the New Zealand city of Christchurch, but thousands of residents are still waiting for their homes to be repaired or rebuilt.

How long did it take to recover from the 2011 Christchurch earthquake?

what it’s becoming,” says Dalziel. After 10 years, Christchurch is no longer, first and foremost, an earthquake-damaged city – but progress to this point has been slow and hard-won. In 2013, the cost of the recovery was put at $40bn; it was likely more.

How many died in the Christchurch earthquake?

185 people
It caused widespread damage across Christchurch, killing 185 people, in the nation’s fifth-deadliest disaster….2011 Christchurch earthquake.

Damaged Catholic cathedral two months on
Landslides Sumner and Redcliffs
Casualties 185 deaths 1,500–2,000 injuries, 164 serious

How long did the 2011 Christchurch earthquake last for?

approximately 10 seconds
While the initial quake only lasted for approximately 10 seconds, the damage was severe because of the location and shallowness of the earthquake’s focus in relation to Christchurch as well as previous quake damage….2011 Christchurch earthquake.

Damaged Catholic cathedral two months on
Depth 5 km (3.1 mi)

How long did the Christchurch earthquake last in 2011?

While the initial quake only lasted for approximately 10 seconds, the damage was severe because of the location and shallowness of the earthquake’s focus in relation to Christchurch as well as previous quake damage….2011 Christchurch earthquake.

Damaged Catholic cathedral two months on
Peak acceleration 1.51 g

What’s the biggest earthquake in the world?

the Great Chilean earthquake
The 1960 Valdivia earthquake and tsunami (Spanish: Terremoto de Valdivia) or the Great Chilean earthquake (Gran terremoto de Chile) on 22 May 1960 was the most powerful earthquake ever recorded. Various studies have placed it at 9.4–9.6 on the moment magnitude scale.

What plates caused the Christchurch Earthquake 2011?

The fault, later named the Greendale Fault, appeared about 50 to 56 miles (80 to 90 km) southeast of the boundary between the Australian and Pacific tectonic plates, and part of the fault became visible at the surface because of the earthquake. Thousands of smaller aftershocks occurred in the months that followed.