What is a reactive molecule?

What is a reactive molecule?

These reactive molecule species (RMS), often referred to as ‘free radicals’ or oxidants, are partly by-products of the physiological metabolism. When RMS concentrations exceed a certain threshold, cell compartments and cells are injured and destroyed.

What is reactive in an atom?

The number of electrons in the outermost shell of an atom determines its reactivity. Noble gases have low reactivity because they have full electron shells. Halogens are highly reactive because they readily gain an electron to fill their outermost shell.

What are reactive examples?

To react, to ‘act back’ on an event, is to respond by exerting the happening back on itself. Think of a few physical examples, like a rubber band ‘reacting’ to being stretched. Or a rubber ball ‘reacting’ to being thrown against the ground.

What is the reactive part of a molecule called?

A functional group is a reactive part of molecule.

What is reactivity and stability?

Product Stability/Reactivity: The more stable the product, the more favorable its formation will be. In terms of rates, this means that the more stable the product, the faster the reaction. (The concept here is that the more stable the product, the more favorable it will be to make that product.)

What is reactivity in organic chemistry?

In chemistry, reactivity is the impetus for which a chemical substance undergoes a chemical reaction, either by itself or with other materials, with an overall release of energy.

What is reactive group?

Reactive groups are categories of chemicals that typically react in similar ways because they are similar in their chemical structure. Each substance with a chemical datasheet has been assigned to one or more reactive groups, and CAMEO Chemicals uses the reactive group assignments to make its reactivity predictions.

What is another word for reactive?

In this page you can discover 7 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for reactive, like: responsive, localise, labile, selective, oxidant, proactive and unreactive.

What is very reactive?

Something that is reactive is able to react chemically with a lot of different substances. Ozone is a highly reactive form of oxygen gas. Synonyms: unstable More Synonyms of reactive. 2.

Which functional groups are reactive?

2.4: Functional Groups: Centers of Reactivity

  • Halides.
  • Alcohols and Thiols.
  • Ethers and sulfides.
  • Amines.

How do you explain reactivity?

In chemistry, reactivity is a measure of how readily a substance undergoes a chemical reaction. The reaction can involve the substance on its own or with other atoms or compounds, generally accompanied by a release of energy. The most reactive elements and compounds may ignite spontaneously or explosively.

How do you determine the reactivity of a molecule?

Chemists often find that the reactivity of a molecule is affected by the degree of substitution of a carbon that is bonded to a functional group. These carbons are designated as primary, secondary, or tertiary.