What music does Balinese play?

What music does Balinese play?

Indonesian classical music
Balinese gamelan, a form of Indonesian classical music, is louder, swifter and more aggressive than Javanese music. Balinese gamelan also features more archaic instrumentation than modern Javanese gamelans. Balinese instruments include bronze and bamboo xylophones.

What is Balinese vocal music called?

Gamelan (/ˈɡæməlæn/) (Javanese: ꦒꦩꦼꦭꦤ꧀, Sundanese: ᮌᮙᮨᮜᮔ᮪, Balinese: ᬕᬫᭂᬮᬦ᭄) is the traditional ensemble music of the Javanese, Sundanese, and Balinese peoples of Indonesia, made up predominantly of percussive instruments.

What is ombak?

This purposeful tuning of a pair to slightly different frequencies results in acoustic beating as they are struck in unison, which is referred to in Bali as ombak (meaning “wave”). The beating or ombak results in a shimmering quality to the music that is unique to Bali.

What is the sound of Balinese gamelan?

These Balinese metallophones produce very bright sound. Another characteristic of Balinese Gamelan music is the used of cymbals. These cymbals create fast rattling sound that usually cannot be found in Javanese Gamelan music.

How Balinese play their instruments?

Generally the metallophones are played using one hand to strike the keys with a mallet while the other hand damps each key after it is struck to prevent the reverberation from clouding the overall sound, though sometimes a special two-handed technique is used where each hand both plays and quickly damps the keys.

What is the most popular form of music in Indonesia?

The most popular and famous form of Indonesian music is gamelan, an ensemble of tuned percussion instruments that include metallophone drums, gongs and spike fiddles along with bamboo flutes. Similar ensembles are prevalent throughout Indonesia and Malaysia, but gamelan is from Java, Bali and Lombok.

What are the three types of vocal music in Indonesia?

Gamelan Degung, gamelan salendro and tembang sunda are three primary types. The Osing Javanese minority in eastern Java are known for social music for weddings and other celebrations called gandrung, as well as angklung, played by young amateur boys, which is very similar to Balinese gamelan.

What instruments are used in Javanese and Balinese?

The instruments used, such as gongs, all kinds of metallophones, drums, the suling and the rebab, are closely related to those found in Java; and as well as the tuning system and modes, though with some slight differences.

What is a Kotekan and how is it performed?

Kotekan are “sophisticated interlocking parts,” “characteristic of gong kebyar and several other Balinese gamelan styles, that combine to create the illusion of a single melodic line that often sounds faster than any single human could possibly play.” According to Colin McPhee: “Composed of two rhythmically opposing …

What is ombak gamelan?

Acoustics of the Balinese Gamelan The rich culture of the people of Bali is manifest in their percussion ensembles known as gamelan, both in the ornately carved instruments and in their sound. One distinguishing characteristic of Balinese gamelan music is referred to as ombak, meaning “wave”.

What is the melody of Balinese gamelan ensemble?

Most Balinese gamelan melodies move in circles. They start with an introduction by the gieng or pemugal, by the suling (flute) or kendang (drum). After the introduction, the orchestra joins in for the pengawak or main melody.

What is the tempo of Balinese gamelan?

between five and eight beats per second
Most gamelans ‘beat’ at a rate of between five and eight beats per second, although older gamelans are usually slower and the modern trend is towards faster beating as well as faster tempos.