What are the symptoms of a mesenteric cysts?

What are the symptoms of a mesenteric cysts?

Mesenteric cysts are often asymptomatic and discovered as an incidental finding from radiological investigations, but may present with acute or chronic abdominal pain (55%-81%), palpable mass (44%-61%), distension (17%-61%), nausea and vomiting (45%), constipation (27%) and diarrhoea (6%)[1].

What causes a mesenteric cyst?

Mesenteric cysts, described by Benevenni in 1507, arise from duodenal to sigmoid mesentery. They generally cause non-specific symptoms or rarely rupture, tort and obstruct. They result from lymphatic malformation, occult trauma or infection. Differential diagnosis includes ovarian, duplication or pseudocysts.

Are mesenteric cysts cancerous?

Most mesenteric cysts are benign (nonmalignant, noncancerous), but surgical investigation and analysis of the tissue are imperative. The usual treatment is the surgical removal of the cyst or tumor.

How do you get rid of a mesenteric cyst?

The treatment of choice for Mesenteric cysts is surgery. Aspiration and marsupialization are not recommended because they are associated with high recurrence and infection rate [7]. Localized resection of the intestine or surrounding structures may be required to excise the cyst en bloc [4].

Can a CT scan tell if a cyst is cancerous?

Cysts that appear uniform after examination by ultrasound or a computerized tomography (CT) scan are almost always benign and should simply be observed. If the cyst has solid components, it may be benign or malignant and should have further evaluation.

Are mesenteric cysts common?

Mesenteric cysts are rare benign intra-abdominal tumours with an incidence of 1 case per 250,000 hospital admission.

Can a mesenteric cyst burst?

Rarely, these lesions may be presented with rupture after trauma. We present a patient with a ruptured ileal mesenteric cyst due to a blunt abdominal trauma and diagnosed by emergency laparotomy.

What is Gorlin syndrome?

This condition is caused by a mutation in a gene that suppresses the formation of tumors. Gorlin syndrome can affect any organ in the body, including the skin, bones, and reproductive system. Common symptoms include basal cell carcinomas, benign (noncancerous) cysts in the jaw, and pitted skin in the palms of the hands and soles of the feet.

What is a mesenteric cyst?

A mesenteric cyst is defined as any cyst located in the mesentery; it may or may not extend into the retroperitoneum, which has a recognizable lining of endothelium or mesothelial cell. Mesenteric cyst can occur anywhere in the mesentery of gastrointestinal tract from duodenum to rectum.

Does early management of mesenteric cysts prevent catastrophes?

Early management of mesenteric cyst prevents catastrophes: a single centre analysis of 17 cases. Afr J Paediatr Surg. 2010;7:140–143. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

How common are basal cell carcinomas in people with Gorlin syndrome?

Some people with Gorlin syndrome never develop any basal cell carcinomas, while others may develop thousands of these cancers. Individuals with lighter skin are more likely to develop basal cell carcinomas than are people with darker skin. The number of carcinomas may be reduced with ongoing treatment.