What are the types of alteration?

What are the types of alteration?

Types of alterations

  • Potassic alteration.
  • Phyllic (sericitic) alteration.
  • Propylitic alteration.
  • Argillic alteration.
  • Silicification.
  • Carbonatization.
  • Greisenization.
  • Hematitization.

What is hydrothermal alteration?

Hydrothermal alteration is defined as any alteration of rocks or minerals by the reaction of hydrothermal fluid with preexisting solid phases.

What is wall rock alteration?

wall-rock alteration A reaction of hydrothermal fluids with enclosing rocks, causing changes in mineralogy that are most marked adjacent to the vein and become less distinct further away. See HYDROTHERMAL ACTIVITY; and HYDROTHERMAL MINERAL. A Dictionary of Earth Sciences.

How is orthopyroxene formed?

Metamorphic rocks At higher grades of regional metamorphism, the amphibole anthophyllite breaks down to form magnesium-iron orthopyroxenes. The orthopyroxene enstatite occurs in high-temperature and high-pressure granulite facies rocks such as quartz-rich, garnet-bearing granulites.

What is an alteration system?

System Alteration a change to a Party’s System, which has a material effect on the other Party’s System such that a change needs to be made to the other Party’s System to continue service on any Partial Private Circuits previously supplied; Sample 2.

What are alteration products?

Product alteration, which is more commonly referred to as “product change,” refers to the process of making changes or alterations to a product.

What causes sericite alteration?

Sericitic alteration or sericitization is a process of mineral alteration caused by hydrothermal fluids invading permeable country rock.

What is epidote alteration?

Epidote is a very common hydrothermal alteration mineral. This alteration process, if it happens with feldspars, is known as epidotization. Saussuritization is a hydrothermal alteration of plagioclase feldspar which yields epidote. It is usually found in mafic igneous rocks. Epidotic alteration on a gneiss boulder.

What is alteration in geology?

[… in rocks] Any change in the mineralogic composition of a rock brought about by physical or chemical means, esp. by the action of hydrothermal solutions; also, a secondary, i.e., supergene, change in a rock or mineral.

What is mineral Paragenesis?

paragenesis, the sequence in which the minerals are formed in an ore deposit. Variations in the pressure and temperature and in the chemical constituents of a hydrothermal solution will result in the precipitation of various minerals at different times within the same ore deposit.

What is orthopyroxene made of?

In Earth’s crust, pyroxenes are found in a wide range of igneous and metamorphic rocks. They are most abundant in the dark-colored igneous rocks, such as basalt and gabbro, that comprise most of the oceanic crust….

Physical Properties of Pyroxenes
Chemical Classification Silicate
Specific Gravity 3 to 4

What is orthopyroxene mineral?

orthopyroxene, any of a series of common silicate minerals in the pyroxene family. Orthopyroxenes typically occur as fibrous or lamellar (thin-plated) green masses in igneous and metamorphic rocks and in meteorites.