What is the idea that a specific area of the brain is responsible for a certain function?
The theory of localization refers to the idea that different parts of the brain are responsible for specific behaviors, or that certain functions are localized to certain areas in the brain. Lateralization of brain function.
What do you mean by functional specialization?
In neuroscience, functional specialization is a theory which suggests that different areas in the brain are specialized for different functions.
Why do you think the brain seems to solve many problems by dividing the work among specialized regions?
Different parts of the brain function differently so that each area can do its job more effectively. The cells, or the cell networks, in any given area are specialized to perform a particular function as well as possible.
Can we control our brain?
We are aware of a tiny fraction of the thinking that goes on in our minds, and we can control only a tiny part of our conscious thoughts. The vast majority of our thinking efforts goes on subconsciously. Only one or two of these thoughts are likely to breach into consciousness at a time.
Is the brain localized?
Associationist models. Consider the brain as organized in parallel distributed networks around cortical epicenters. Normal functioning: Primary sensory and motor functions are localized but higher cognitive functions are distributed within large-scale networks.
What do you mean specialization?
Definition of specialization 1 : a making or becoming specialized. 2a : structural adaptation of a body part to a particular function or of an organism for life in a particular environment. b : a body part or an organism adapted by specialization.
What part of the brain makes decisions and solves problems?
The prefrontal cortex near the front of the brain manages complex problem solving, along with other areas, and works even when we are not consciously thinking about our problem.
Which part of the brain controls logic and problem solving?
The frontal lobe is at the front of the head and is responsible for planning, organisation, logical thinking, reasoning, and managing emotions. This is the part you will hear about most regarding the expression and regulation of emotions and behaviors.
What is meant by brain plasticity?
Neural plasticity, also known as neuroplasticity or brain plasticity, can be defined as the ability of the nervous system to change its activity in response to intrinsic or extrinsic stimuli by reorganizing its structure, functions, or connections.
What causes brain plasticity?
Plasticity is ongoing throughout life and involves brain cells other than neurons, including glial and vascular cells. It can occur as a result of learning, experience, and memory formation, or as a result of damage to the brain.
Do we choose our thoughts?