What is the orientation of the lumbar facet joints?

What is the orientation of the lumbar facet joints?

The facet joints in the lumbar region lie in the sagittal plane; the articulating facets are at right angles to the transverse plane and 45° to the frontal plane.

Where are facet joints located?

Facet joints are pairs of small joints in between the vertebrae in the back of the spine. These joints have opposing surfaces of cartilage, which limits friction between the bones. The joint is surrounded by a capsule filled with a small amount of synovial fluid.

What is the orientation angle of thoracic facets?

The facets of T12-L2 are oriented closer to the midsagittal plane of the vertebral body (mean range, 25.89 degrees-33.87 degrees), while the facets of L3-L5 are oriented away from that plane (mean range, 40.40 degrees-56.30 degrees).

What direction do the facets move during lateral flexion of the spine?

In lateral bending, the inferior articular process glides in the superior direction in reference to the superior articular process of the inferior vertebra on the convex side of the spinal curve and opposite direction on the concave side28).

How does the orientation in the lumbar region affect motion in that region?

The transverse orientation of the lumbar facet joint is small, which enables a greater range of motion during flexion-extension activity.

What movement takes place between C1 and C2?

The C1 and C2 vertebrae are the first two vertebrae at the top of the cervical spine. Together they form the atlantoaxial joint, which is a pivot joint. The C1 sits atop and rotates around C2 below. More of the head’s rotational range of motion comes from C1-C2 than any other cervical joint.

Is there a facet joint between L5 and S1?

L5 and S1 are joined by the lumbosacral facet joints lined with articular cartilage.

Is the sacroiliac joint a facet joint?

Facet joints are located on the back of the spine on each side, where one vertebra slightly overlaps the adjacent vertebra; they guide and restrict movement of the spine. A sacroiliac joint (SI joint) is the space between the spine and pelvis.

What is the normal structural angle of the facets in the cervical spine?

In general, the inclination angle of the articular surfaces of the facet joint in the sagittal plane ranges from 20°–78° in the cervical region, 55°–80° in the thoracic region, and 82°–86° in the lumbar region (angle β in Fig.

Which direction are the superior articular facets facing on a thoracic vertebra?

posterolateral direction
Thoracic vertebrae have superior articular facets that face in a posterolateral direction. The spinous process is long, relative to other regions, and is directed posteroinferiorly.

What happens to facet joints during flexion?

The facet joints play an important role in maintaining lumbar stability in forward flexion. During forward flexion, the inferior articular process glides upward and forward upon the superior articular process of the inferior vertebra and the articular surfaces separate at the lower margins of the joint.

How do facet joints move?

Facet joints are synovial joints. The joint surfaces are coated with cartilage allowing joints to move or glide smoothly (articulate) against each other. These joints allow flexion (bend forward), extension (bend backward), and twisting motion.