Is Tom Regan a utilitarian?
Utilitarian theories are known as consequentialist theories, whereas Regan was a deontologist, a position known as non-consequentialist.
Is Tom Regan Kantian?
Regan’s position is Kantian (though Immanuel Kant himself did not apply it to non-humans), namely that all subjects-of-a life possess inherent value and must be treated as ends-in-themselves, never as a means to an end.
What is the Miniride principle?
The mini-ride principle says that under circumstances of comparable harms, action should be taken so that the fewest possible are harmed. The idea here is that it is better, when you must violate the rights of individuals, that you engage in as few instances of it as possible.
What is Tom Regan’s theory of rights based upon?
As the article says, Regan’s theory requires us to divide all living things into two categories. Firstly, those that have inherent value have the same basic rights that humans have and secondly those do not have inherent value have no moral right.
Why does Regan reject utilitarianism?
Unlike Singer, Regan argues against a utilitarianism perspective when considering animal equality. Utilitarianism has no room for the equal rights of different individuals because it has no room for their equal inherent value.
Why do animals not have rights according to Cohen?
Cohen argues that animals have no rights – a right properly understood is a claim or potential claim, that one party may exercise against another. The differing targets, contents and sources of rights and their inevitable conflict together weave a tangled web.
What is Tom Regan’s criticism of utilitarianism?
What is the worse off principle?
The worse-off principle states that, when individuals involved are not harmed in a comparable way given a certain course of action, we should mitigate the situation of those who would be worse-off.
What are the three things that Tom Regan believes we should abolish in his essay concerning animal rights?
the total abolition of the use of animals in science; the total dissolution of commercial animal agriculture; the total elimination of commercial and sport hunting and trapping.
What does Regan argue?
Tom Regan argues that human beings and some non-human animals have moral rights because they are “subjects of lives,” that is, roughly, conscious, sentient beings with an experiential welfare.
How Does Cohen believe we should treat animals?
We have an obligation to treat animals humanely. One objection Cohen considers is that many humans, such as the brain-damaged or the senile, lack the capacity to make moral judgments.
Is Carl Cohen a utilitarian?
Cohen is no utilitarian and he denies that anyone has a ‘right’ to his or her life’s being improved at the serious expense of others. So, as far as I can tell, he would judge this experiment as seriously wrong because it would greatly violate these infants’ rights.