What are the elements of test specifications?

What are the elements of test specifications?

Test specifications usually include a test description component and a test blueprint component. The test description specifies aspects of the planned test such as the test purpose, the target examinee population, the overall test length, and more.

What is test specification in language assessment?

The test specification is the most useful instrument required whenever tests or various test items/parts are designed/reviewed. It can provide detailed input for interested stakeholders at all levels.

How do you develop a test specification?


  1. Specify the purpose of the test and the inferences to be drawn.
  2. Develop frameworks describing the knowledge and skills to be tested.
  3. Build test specifications.
  4. Create potential test items and scoring rubrics.
  5. Review and pilot test items.
  6. Evaluate the quality of items.

What is a table of test specifications?

A table of specifications (TOS) is a chart that teachers and test developers use in item writing. It ensures that the test developed assesses the content taught and the learning experience given to the students. It also helps align the test with learning objectives and their cognitive levels.

What are the types of test items?

Types of Test Items

  • Multiple Choice Questions.
  • True and False Statements.
  • Pair Matching.
  • Essay Writing.
  • Oral Questions.
  • Short questions and answers.
  • Computational Questions.

What is the importance of test specifications?

The test specifications for an exam program provide essential planning materials for the test development process. Thorough, thoughtful test specifications can guide the remainder of the test development process, especially item writing efforts and test assembly.

What are the parts of TOS?

Three steps are involved in creating a Table of Specifications: 1) choosing the measurement goals and domain to be covered, 2) breaking the domain into key or fairly independent parts- concepts, terms, procedures, applications, and 3) constructing the table.

What are the types of selection types tests items?

Tests used in selection can be classified into five categories, namely:

  • Achievement,
  • Aptitude,
  • Interest,
  • Personality and.
  • Intelligence tests.

What are the two main types of test items?

There are two general categories of test items: (1) objective items which require students to select the correct response from several alternatives or to supply a word or short phrase to answer a question or complete a statement; and (2) subjective or essay items which permit the student to organize and present an …