What is a cluster bomb and why is it illegal?
The Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) is an international treaty that prohibits all use, transfer, production, and stockpiling of cluster bombs, a type of explosive weapon which scatters submunitions (“bomblets”) over an area.
Who created the cluster bomb?
During the 1950s and 1960s, the United States and Soviet Union developed cluster weapons designed to deliver chemical weapons.
What is a cluster bomb called?
A cluster munition (or cluster bomb) is a container filled with small explosive bombs called “sub-munitions.” This container may be a shell, rocket, missile, or other device. Dropped from an aircraft or fired from the ground, it opens in the air and releases the sub-munitions.
How do cluster bombs explode?
Cluster bombs consist of an outer casing containing dozens of small bomblets; the casing splits open in midair, releasing a shower of bomblets that explode upon impact.
What countries ban cluster bombs?
Between August 2010 and July 2020, cluster munitions were deployed in seven countries that have not signed the global disarmament treaty banning them: Cambodia, Libya, South Sudan, Sudan, Syria, Ukraine, and Yemen.
Does the United States use cluster bombs?
In November 2017, the US reversed a long-standing policy requiring its forces to not use cluster munitions that result in more than 1% unexploded ordnance (UXO) after 2018. The US last used cluster munitions during the 2003 invasion of Iraq, with the exception of a single attack in Yemen in 2009.
What countries use cluster bombs?
Cluster munitions continued to be used in Syria during the most recent period covered by a Cluster Munition Monitor report (July 2018–July 2019), and there were allegations of new use in Libya….How many countries use mines or cluster munitions?
|User state||Locations used|
|Israel||Egypt, Syria, Lebanon|
|Morocco||Western Sahara, Mauritania|
Does the US still make cluster bombs?
They’re banned by 110 countries, though not by Russia or the US. Still, the US hasn’t used them since the first Gulf War, over 30 years ago. They’re used by the Russians in Ukraine, another sign of this war’s growing savagery.
Does the United States have cluster bombs?
The US last used cluster munitions during the 2003 invasion of Iraq, with the exception of a single attack in Yemen in 2009. The US last budgeted funds to produce new cluster munitions in 2007 and since then has only manufactured them for foreign sales.
What is inside a cluster bomb?
Cluster bombs consist of an outer casing containing dozens of small bomblets; the casing splits open in midair, releasing a shower of bomblets that explode upon impact. Cluster bombs have both fragmentation and antiarmour capabilities.
Is use of cluster bombs a war crime?
Cluster bombs were first used in World War II, and scatter numerous smaller bombs over a wide area — often killing civilians. It’s this indiscriminate nature that often makes their use a war crime. Our modern conception of war crimes was established by a series of treaties whose creation spanned decades.