What is a surgical incision of the perineum?
An episiotomy is a cut (incision) through the area between your vaginal opening and your anus. This area is called the perineum. This procedure is done to make your vaginal opening larger for childbirth.
How is a perineal tear repaired?
Repairing the perineal muscles Repair the skin using interrupted (or subcuticular) 2-0 sutures starting at the vaginal opening (Fig P-49). If the tear was deep, perform a rectal examination. Make sure no stitches are in the rectum.
How is perineal tear diagnosed?
Visual and digital examination of the wound has been and is the most common way to assess and classify a perineal tear. However resent studies indicate that many tears diagnosed with this method are misclassified.
What is the definition of perineal?
: an area between the thighs that marks the approximate lower boundary of the pelvis and is occupied by the urinary and genital ducts and rectum also : the area between the anus and the posterior part of the external genitalia.
Are perineal tears common?
Perineal tears affect about 80% of women during childbirth, with primiparous women being affected more frequently than multiparous women [1, 2].
What is the perineum made of?
The perineum is the region below the pelvic diaphragm; it consists of muscle-fascial formations arranged to close the pelvis inferiorly.
What is the purpose of perineal preparation?
While perineal massage focuses solely on stretching, perineal preparation helps you learn how to relax into the natural opening of the vagina during childbirth and how to become accustomed to these sensations.
What are the complications of perineal tears?
Long term complications include pain, urinary or anal incontinence, and delayed return to sexual intercourse due to dyspareunia.  These symptoms are worse in women who had an episiotomy compared to those who were allowed to tear naturally.  Flatal incontinence can persist for years after an OASIS.
How common is a perineal tear?
What is the purpose of perineal care?
The purpose of perineal care is to not only clean the area but to also check for infections or lesions in the area. As this is something you may be doing often, it should be easy to spot changes in appearance that might need to be checked by a doctor.
Where is the perineal area of the body located?
In males, it is located between the anus and bulb of the penis, whereas in females it is found between the anus and the posterior limit of the vulvar orifice. The perineal body helps strengthen the pelvic floor.