What is an ghazal poem?
(Pronounciation: “guzzle”) Originally an Arabic verse form dealing with loss and romantic love, medieval Persian poets embraced the ghazal, eventually making it their own. Consisting of syntactically and grammatically complete couplets, the form also has an intricate rhyme scheme.
Who is the first poet of ghazal?
Abdullah Jafar Rudaki, the first canonical ghazal writer of Persia towards the end of the 9th century, was followed in chronological order by other major poets like Sanai Ghaznavi and Fariduddin Attar in the 12th century, Sadi Shirazi and Jalaluddin Rumi in the 13th and Hafiz Shirazi in the 14th century.
What is Misra in ghazal?
[Misra] one line of a couplet or verse. [Matla] (Arabic: مطلع) is the first sher, or couplet, of a ghazal, a collection of poems in Urdu or Persian poetry.
What is the format of a ghazal?
A ghazal consists of a series of couplets (two-line verses), with each line containing the same number of syllables. A ghazal has at least five couplets, but not more than fifteen. (At that length it would be closer to a qasida.) Most ghazals are about 7–12 couplets long.
How many lines are in a ghazal?
Explore the glossary of poetic terms. The ghazal is composed of a minimum of five couplets—and typically no more than fifteen—that are structurally, thematically, and emotionally autonomous. Each line of the poem must be of the same length, though meter is not imposed in English.
How do you write ghazals?
How to Write a Ghazal
- Number your poem stanzas from 1-5, to make sure you meet the minimum of 5 stanzas.
- Each stanza will include two lines (a couplet)
- Each couplet should be able to stand alone, as if it were its own poem.
- Every line is traditionally the same length (English writers are forgiven this task)
Who is the father of ghazal?
The father of Urdu ghazal and Chaucer of Urdu poetry in India, Shah Muhammad Waliullah or Wali Gujarati, lies here in the city.
Who introduced ghazal?
Indian musicians such as Ravi Shankar and Begum Akhtar popularized the ghazal in the English-speaking world during the 1960s. However, it was the poet Agha Shahid Ali who introduced it, in its classical form, to Americans.
What is Qafia and radeef?
Qaafiyaa or Qafiyah (Persian: قافیہ, Urdu: قافیہ) is a device employed in a form of Persian poetry and Urdu poetry known as ghazal (a poetic form consisting of couplets which share a rhyme and a refrain) and also in nazm. The qaafiyaa is the rhyming pattern of words that must directly precede the ghazal’s radif.
What is HUSN E matla?
rise, appearance of morning.
How many stanzas are in a ghazal?
The ghazal consists of at least five, but often more than fifteeen, two-line stanzas. Each stanza should be independent, but should tie together with the whole. The first two lines end with the same refrain. This refrain is repeated at the end of each stanza.
Who wrote the first ghazal poem?
The German poet and philosopher Goethe experimented with the form, as did the Spanish poet Federico Garcia Lorca. Indian musicians such as Ravi Shankar and Begum Akhtar popularized the ghazal in the English-speaking world during the 1960s.
What is an example of a ghazal?
American poets, including John Hollander, Maxine Kumin, Heather McHugh, and W. S. Merwin, wrote the majority of the poems. McHugh’s “Ghazal of the Better-Unbegun” is a good example of the form, as it respects the autonomy of the couplets, the length of lines, as well as the rhyme-refrain scheme established in the opening couplet.
Why Punjabi poetry is so popular in Pakistan?
Punjabi Poetry – No matter where you belong to rich culture always grabs the attention of people towards it. Pakistan’s populous region Punjab possesses rich culture. It implicates deep influence on the natives and language bearers worldwide. Punjabis are happening, energetic, and culture oriented.
How many couplets are in a ghazal poem?
Ghazal The ghazal is composed of a minimum of five couplets—and typically no more than fifteen—that are structurally, thematically, and emotionally autonomous. Each line of the poem must be of the same length, though meter is not imposed in English. The first couplet introduces a scheme, made up of a rhyme followed by a refrain.