What is MALT lymphoma?

What is MALT lymphoma?

MALT lymphoma starts in the B cells, so it is a B cell lymphoma. These low grade (indolent) lymphomas are most often diagnosed in the stomach (called gastric MALT). But they can also develop in the lung, thyroid, salivary glands, eye, skin or soft tissues (called non gastric MALT). MALT lymphoma usually grows slowly.

Is MALT lymphoma curable?

The majority of cases with MALT lymphoma are cured by eradication therapy, but there are cases that need to be treated with rituximab alone or in combination with other drugs.

What is the cause of MALT lymphoma?

Causes of MALT lymphoma This may be because of an infection or autoimmune condition in that area. Most MALT lymphomas that develop in the stomach can be linked to an infection bacteria called Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori).

How fast does MALT lymphoma spread?

MALT lymphoma is usually slow growing (indolent) but sometimes it can be fast growing (aggressive). It usually takes a long time for it to spread outside the area where it started, and it is often diagnosed when it is stage 1 or 2.

Is non Hodgkin’s lymphoma a terminal?

Yes, NHL is a very treatable disease and curable in many cases, particularly with aggressive NHL. Before treatment begins, it is necessary to know how far the cancer has advanced. This is called the stage of the disease. The stages begin with I (least severe) and go through IV (most severe).

Is MALT lymphoma an autoimmune disease?

MALT lymphoma, especially of extragastric origin, is thought to be associated with an underlying autoimmune disease (AD) in a significant proportion of patients. No systematic assessment of the clinical characteristics of MALT lymphoma arising in AD as opposed to patients without AD has been performed so far.

Who is most at risk for lymphoma?

Age. Getting older is a strong risk factor for lymphoma overall, with most cases occurring in people in their 60s or older . But some types of lymphoma are more common in younger people.

What is the life expectancy of a person with non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma?

Takeaway. The outlook for people with non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma isn’t generally as good as that of Hodgkin’s lymphoma, but it still has a better outlook than many other cancers. More than 70 percent of people live longer than 5 years after their diagnosis.

What are the symptoms of MALT lymphoma?

Stomach pains

  • Ulcers
  • Pain or discomfort in the abdominal area
  • What is the prognosis for MALT lymphoma?

    CASE REPORT—A 36 year old patient was referred from another hospital with a diagnosis of a low grade gastric MALT lymphoma associated with H pylori. The patient was in stage I and while waiting for the biopsies to be reviewed H pylori eradication

    What does MALT lymphoma look like?

    What does malt lymphoma look like? Malt lymphoma, also called extranodal marginal zone B cell lymphoma, is a cancer that originates from B cells in the marginal zone of the MALT (mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue). Almost every mucosal site can be afflicted besides stomach.

    What is the MALT lymphoma disease?

    MALT lymphoma is a type of cancer that affects the lymph nodes of the body. MALT stands for mucosa associated lymphoid tissue which is a moist tissue that lines some of the organs as well as body cavities like nose, mouth, lungs and the digestive tract.