What is a fixed reference point in engineering drawing?
A reference point is a place or object used for comparison to determine if something is in motion. An object is in motion if it changes position relative to a reference point. Objects that are fixed relative to Earth – such as a building, a tree, or a sign – make good reference points.
What is a fixed reference point?
Fixed reference points are verbal labels used in a scale to prevent variations in the response functions (Saris 1988; Saris and Gallhofer 2014). Theoretical arguments The reference points should add no doubt of its position on the subjective scale of the respondents (Saris and De Rooij 1988).*
What are reference points in engineering?
In engineering and drafting, a datum is a reference point, surface, or axis on an object against which measurements are made. These are then referred to by one or more ‘datum references’ which indicate measurements that should be made with respect to the corresponding datum feature .
What is a dimension reference point?
A reference dimension is a dimension on an engineering drawing provided for information only. Reference dimensions are provided for a variety of reasons and are often an accumulation of other dimensions that are defined elsewhere (e.g. on the drawing or other related documentation).
What is a reference point in construction?
Reference points are prominent, easily located points in the terrain used to define a location of another point that is located on the baseline of survey. The purpose of reference points is to provide horizontal locations to re-establish primary control points along the baseline of survey.
What is a datum point in engineering?
A datum is a plane, a straight line, or a point that is used as a reference when processing a material or measuring the dimensions of a target. ISO Definition.
Should reference dimensions be measured?
Are reference dimensions measured? Reference dimensions can be measured and the results recorded but this is not a requirement. Often reference dimensions will be recorded more as a note.
How do you set up control points?
- Identify and mark a number of key fixed points that will serve as control (reference) for all subsequent surveying.
- Establish the baseline, an accurately measured distance between 2 control points.
- Station the tripod over a control point.
- Mount the transit (theodolite) on the tripod.
- Release the upper set screw.
What is the minimum number of required control points benchmarks in surveying connecting traverses?
There should be a MINIMUM of 4 points surrounding the job site.
When to use reference dimensions in a drawing?
A very common use of reference dimensions is to provide a conversion of the length units of the drawing from either metric to inches or vice versa. Watch out for these conversions! Too often they are rounded excessively and not accurate. Reference dimensions should never be used for acceptance..
What is the standard sheet size for engineering drawing?
ANSI Standard US Engineering Drawing Sizes Sheet Size Width (in) Length (in) Horizontal Zone Vertical Zone C 17.0 22.0 4 @ 5.50 4 @ 4.25 D 22.0 34.0 8 @ 4.25 4 @ 5.50 E 34.0 44.0 8 @ 5.50 8 @ 4.25 F ** 28.0 40.0 8 @ 5.00 6 @ 4.67
What is the standard size of an architectural drawing?
Architectural Standard US Drawing Sizes Sheet Size Width (inches) Length (inches) Width (mm) Length (mm) A 9 12 228.6 304.8 B 12 18 304.8 457.2 C 18 24 457.2 609.6 D 24 36 609.6 914.4
How do you show reference dimensions in AutoCAD?
Reference dimensions are shown on a drawing as a value enclosed in parentheses. An alternate method is to follow the dimension with “Reference” or “Ref”. The use of “Ref” or enclosing the dimension inside parentheses are by far the most common notations used.