# What is the definition of cost variance?

## What is the definition of cost variance?

Cost variance (CV), also known as budget variance, is the difference between the actual cost and the budgeted cost, or what you expected to spend versus what you actually spent. This formula helps project managers figure out if they are over or under budget.

What is job variance?

The Work Variance field contains the difference between baseline work of a task, resource, or assignment and the currently scheduled work.

What is cost variance example?

Generally a cost variance is the difference between the actual amount of a cost and its budgeted or planned amount. For example, if a company had actual repairs expense of \$950 for May but the budgeted amount was \$800, the company had a cost variance of \$150.

### What is a job cost variance account?

The Job Cost Variance account (703.00 in the Standard Chart of Accounts) holds the labor cost credit balance until you pay your employees. When you pay your employees, Vision debits the Job Cost Variance account for the total payroll amount.

How is cost variance calculated?

The formula for cost variance is:

1. Cost variance = budgeted cost of work performed (BCWP) – actual cost of work performed (ACWP)
2. Cost variance = earned value – actual cost.
3. Cost variance % = (earned value – actual cost) / earned value.

How do managers use cost variance?

The process of analyzing differences between standard costs and actual costs is called variance analysisUsing standards to analyze the difference between budgeted costs and actual costs.. Managerial accountants perform variance analysis for costs including direct materials, direct labor, and manufacturing overhead.

## What causes a cost variance?

There are three primary causes of budget variance: errors, changing business conditions, and unmet expectations. Errors by the creators of the budget can occur when the budget is being compiled. There are a number of reasons for this, including faulty math, using the wrong assumptions, or relying on stale or bad data.

How do you calculate cost variance?

Why is cost variance important?

Cost variance is important because it allows you to track the financial progression of your project. It is an indicator of how well you monitor and mitigate potential risks and how well you analyze data related to the project.

### How do managers use cost variances?

What is a good cost variance?

a positive cost variance (CV > 0) indicates that the earned value exceeds the actual cost, and. a cost variance of 0 which means that the budget is met, i.e. the actual cost is equivalent to the earned value.

What is an acceptable cost variance?

When questioned about what is an acceptable variance, I have always used this rule of thumb: when total variances considered cumulatively exceed 10% of the cost of sales, then actions must be taken to investigate and correct those problems.

## How to find cost variance?

Use the formula when planning your project. You can predict the potential schedule variance week by week for your project by identifying successes or setbacks that would alter the planned

• Propose a method for checking project quality.
• Double-check your schedule variance calculations.
• How to justify approval of a variance?

justify your request by stating that (1) the variance would give you a more convenient or profitable use of your property, (2) nearby lots have similar developments, (3) you can’t afford to comply with the Zoning Ordinance, or (4) the County has granted similar variances elsewhere. What determines whether my request for a variance will be approved?

How do you calculate cost variance (CV)?

– The formula mentioned above gives the variance in terms of cost. – Positive CV indicates the project is under-budget. – Negative CV indicates the project is over-budget.

### What is the formula for cost variance?

Xi = i th data point in the data set

• μ = Population mean
• N = Number of data points in the population