What was the significance of Smith vs Allwright?
Smith v. Allwright, 321 U.S. 649 (1944), was a landmark decision of the United States Supreme Court with regard to voting rights and, by extension, racial desegregation. It overturned the Texas state law that authorized parties to set their internal rules, including the use of white primaries.
What was established by the case Smith v Allwright quizlet?
What is the significance of the U.S. Supreme Court case Smith v. Allwright? The Court held that in primary elections, states could not restrict voters on account of race.
What is Smith Allwright quizlet?
5.0. 1 Review. Facts. A resolution of the Democratic Party of Texas, a group that the Texas Supreme Court had deemed a “voluntary association,” allowed only whites to participate in Democratic primary elections.
Who led the fight to overturn the white primary law?
Beginning in the early 20th century, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) filed numerous lawsuits in efforts to overturn discriminatory electoral and voter registration practices by Southern states.
What voting rights were granted in the Court case Smith v vote 1944 )? Quizlet?
voided by Smith v. A supreme court case in 1944 that ruled that it was unconstitutional to deny membership in political parties to African Americans as a way of excluding them from voting in primaries.
How did literacy tests affect voting?
In the United States, between the 1850s and 1960s, literacy tests were administered to prospective voters, and this had the effect of disenfranchising African Americans and others with diminished access to education.
What voting rights were granted in the court case Smith v vote 1944 )? Quizlet?
What were the significant facts of Shaw v Reno 1993 quizlet?
The court ruled in a 5-4 decision that redistricting based on race must be held to a standard of strict scrutiny under the equal protection clause. -The court ruled in a 5-4 decision that redistricting based on race must be held to a standard of strict scrutiny under the equal protection clause.
What was the result of the Shelby V Holder case for the state of Texas?
On June 25, 2013, the United States Supreme Court held that it is unconstitutional to use the coverage formula in Section 4(b) of the Voting Rights Act to determine which jurisdictions are subject to the preclearance requirement of Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act, Shelby County v. Holder, 133 S. Ct.
What was the effect of the white primary on minority voting quizlet?
What is a White Primary? What was its effect on minority votes? Only whites were allowed to participate in the primary voting and it diminished the effect on the minorities vote (in particular African Americans). Supreme Court ruled in favor of Nixon.
What was the white primary quizlet?
A policy in educational admissions or job hiring that gives special attention or compensatory treatment to traditionally disadvantaged groups in an effort to overcome present effects of past discrimination.
What was the importance of the Voting Rights Act of 1965?
This act was signed into law on August 6, 1965, by President Lyndon Johnson. It outlawed the discriminatory voting practices adopted in many southern states after the Civil War, including literacy tests as a prerequisite to voting.
What was the case of Smith v Allwright?
Smith, a black Texas voter, sued the county election official, Allwright, for damages of $5,000 for denying him the right to vote in the Democratic primary. The District Court and Court of Appeals denied Smith’s lawsuit, relying on the Supreme Court opinion in Grovey v. Townsend, 295 U.S. 45 (1935).
What did Allwright mean by equal protection under the law?
Allwright (1944) – White Primaries After the Civil War two amendments were added to the U.S. Constitution that explicitly guaranteed the rights of African Americans as citizens. The 14th Amendment (ratified in 1868) prohibited states from denying the “equal protection” of its laws to any person.
What did Allwright do to end the white primary in Texas?
Allwright did not prevent other attempts to disenfranchise African Americans. But it effectively ended the white primary in Texas, a major step along the path to securing equal voting rights.
How did Houstonians fight the Grovey v Allwright case?
Later, these same Houstonians – this time working together with the NAACP – fought back, bringing the case of Lonnie E. Smith, a Houston dentist, to the U.S. Supreme Court. In Smith v. Allwright (1944), eight justices on a Supreme Court with several new members overturned the Grovey decision.