Is glycolysis a post-translational modification?
Glycolysis is a central feature of metabolism and its regulation plays important roles during plant developmental and stress responses. Recent advances in proteomics and mass spectrometry have documented extensive and dynamic post-translational modifications (PTMs) of most glycolytic enzymes in diverse plant tissues.
What are the common post-translational modifications of eukaryotic proteins?
Protein acetylation is a common post-translational modification in eukaryotes and involves the addition of an acetyl group to nitrogen via reversible and irreversible processes.
Do eukaryotes have post-translational modification?
Post-translational modifications (PTMs) are widely used by eukaryotes to control quickly, locally and specifically the enzymatic activity, localization or stability of their proteins, and thus to fine-tune key factors of the cellular biology to environmental changes.
Which are post-translational modifications to proteins?
Posttranslational modifications (PTMs) are covalent processing events that change the properties of a protein by proteolytic cleavage and adding a modifying group, such as acetyl, phosphoryl, glycosyl and methyl, to one or more amino acids (1).
What phosphorylates pyruvate kinase?
Glucagon, via cyclic AMP (cAMP) and the cAMP-dependent protein kinase, enhances phosphorylation of pyruvate kinase, phosphofructokinase, and fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase.
What are 3 types of post-translational modifications?
Types of post-translational modification
Why post-transcriptional changes are necessary in eukaryotes?
Post-transcriptional modification or co-transcriptional modification is a set of biological processes common to most eukaryotic cells by which an RNA primary transcript is chemically altered following transcription from a gene to produce a mature, functional RNA molecule that can then leave the nucleus and perform any …
How is pyruvate kinase regulated in glycolysis?
Pyruvate kinase activity is most broadly regulated by allosteric effectors, covalent modifiers and hormonal control. However, the most significant pyruvate kinase regulator is fructose-1,6-bisphosphate (FBP), which serves as an allosteric effector for the enzyme.
Why is pyruvate kinase important in glycolysis?
Pyruvate Kinase is an enzyme that is involved in glycolysis. Pyruvate kinase’s function is to catalyze the last step of glycolysis; thereby, generating the second ATP of glycolysis and pyruvate. It is able to catalyze this step by transferring the phosphate group from phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) to ADP.
Which organelle does post-translational modification occur?
The Golgi apparatus
The Golgi apparatus is a central membrane organelle for trafficking and post-translational modifications of proteins and lipids in cells.
Why post transcriptional changes are necessary in eukaryotes?