What are the 4 main conflict minerals?

What are the 4 main conflict minerals?

The four metals, tin, tantalum, tungsten and gold are always defined as conflict minerals irrespective of their origin or if the mining has financed any armed groups or not.

What country has the most conflict minerals?

the Democratic Republic of the Congo
The most prominent contemporary example has been the eastern provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), where various armies, rebel groups, and outside actors have profited from mining while contributing to violence and exploitation during wars in the region.

What countries have conflict minerals?

These countries are: Sudan, Central Africa Republic, Uganda, Congo Republic, Angola, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Zambia and Angola.

What are the five conflict minerals?

“Conflict minerals,” as defined by the US legislation, currently include the metals tantalum, tin, tungsten and gold, which are the extracts of the minerals cassiterite, columbite-tantalite and wolframite, respectively.

Are conflict minerals still a problem?

Conflict minerals have fueled and continue to help sustain armed violence in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (Congo), linking them to the deadliest conflict globally since World War II.

What companies use conflict minerals?

Washington, DC — Apple, Alphabet (Google), HP, Microsoft, and Intel are leading the way, while Walmart, Sears, and Neiman Marcus are ranked worst, in the Enough Project’s 2017 Conflict Minerals Company Rankings, published today.

Are conflict minerals illegal?

Conflict Minerals Compliance in Supply Chains Conflict minerals are not illegal and would be nearly impossible to remove from global supply chains, but that doesn’t mean they are without risk.

How many people have died from conflict minerals?

Conflict Minerals in the DRC More than 3 million people have been killed in the conflict. More complex than a war, the fractious violence is often is often financed by the extraction and sale of conflict minerals, including tin, tantalum, tungsten, and gold. These other end up in our phones and electronic devices.

Does Apple use conflict minerals?

Apple accepts certification from the RMI’s Responsible Minerals Assurance Process (“RMAP”) and the LBMA’s Responsible Gold Program for gold refiners in our supply chain.

Does Samsung use conflict minerals?

Samsung Electronics requires all suppliers to pledge not to use conflict minerals, and encourages them to switch to RMAP-certified smelters. Through an integrated procurement system (the G-SRM), Samsung Electronics prevents materials containing minerals from non-RMAP-certified sources from entering the supply chain.