## What is axiom of uniform stress?

The axiom of uniform stress is based on the theory that trees carry out their secondary growth in such a way that bending stresses are averaged out over the outer surfaces of the tree and the tree’s resulting aerial form avoids stress concentrations and repairs “notch stresses”.

### What is the minimum lever arm?

1 The principle of minimum lever arm—the tree min- imizes the effect of external forces by reducing the length of the loaded lever arm. Branches bending in the wind provide an example.

#### What is non uniform stress?

Non-uniform stress distribution in the specimen is symmetric and has a certain pattern, it shows that the stress release at a direction and it shows that the stress releases at a direction normal to the cut and gradually returns to its initial state along the normal direction.

**What is the difference between uniform stress distribution from nonuniform stress distribution?**

For uniform heating, the center tensile stress increases by 120 MPa as the area ratio changes from 0.2 to 0.8. Meanwhile, for non-uniform heating, the tensile stress increases by 127 MPa for the same ratios. The compressive stresses at the surface are almost unchanged for both results.

**What is uniform strain?**

Uniform strain (uniform elongation) is defined as the strain when the ultimate tensile strength is reached. The greater the uniform strain value, the more pronounced the ability of the material to change its shape without necking!

## What is uniform elongation in stress-strain curve?

Figure 1: Engineering stress-strain curve from which mechanical properties are derived. The elongation at which the load maximum occurs is known as Uniform Elongation. In a tensile test, uniform elongation is the percentage the gauge length elongated at peak load relative to the initial gauge length.

### What is modulus of resilience?

The modulus of resilience is defined as the maximum energy that can be absorbed per unit volume without creating a permanent distortion. It can be calculated by integrating the stress–strain curve from zero to the elastic limit.

#### What is the uniform strain?

**Is strain and elongation same?**

as you have mentioned, percentage elongation = change in length * 100 / original length. strain=change in length / original length.

**What is modulus of resilience formula?**

Unit of the Modulus of Resilience: The unit of the modulus-of-resilience is nothing but the quantity of energy absorbed by per unit volume of a body and the unit will clearly be Joule per cubic meter (J.m-3) in the SI system. The area underneath the stress-strain (σ–ε) curve up to yield = μ = σ × ε.