What is extraneal peritoneal dialysis solution?
Extraneal (icodextrin peritoneal dialysis solution) is an isosmotic peritoneal dialysis solution containing glucose polymers (icodextrin) as the primary osmotic agent. Icodextrin functions as a colloid osmotic agent to achieve. ultrafiltration during long peritoneal dialysis dwells.
What is extraneal used for?
Extraneal is recommended as a once daily replacement for a single glucose exchange as part of a continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) or automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) regimen for the treatment of chronic renal failure, particularly for patients who have lost ultrafiltration on glucose solutions.
What is Dianeal?
DIANEAL is a hypertonic peritoneal dialysis solution containing dextrose, a monosaccharide, as the primary osmotic agent. An osmotic gradient must be created between the peritoneal membrane and the dialysis solution in order for ultrafiltration to occur.
What are the complications of CAPD?
However, the long-term effectiveness of CAPD is limited by complications, which have various causes. Complications with an infectious cause include bacterial peritonitis, tuberculous peritonitis, and infections of the catheter exit site and tunnel.
Why is icodextrin used?
Abstract. Background: Icodextrin is a peritoneal dialysis solution that is commonly used to increase ultrafiltration during the long dwell. The other major clinical benefit of icodextrin is that it is glucose-sparing, which may help preserve peritoneal membrane function.
What color should peritoneal dialysis fluid be?
Your dialysate should be clear and yellow in color. Cloudy dialysate is a sign of infection.
How does automated peritoneal dialysis work?
Also known as automated peritoneal dialysis (APD), this method uses a machine (automated cycler) that performs multiple exchanges at night while you sleep. The cycler automatically fills your abdomen with dialysate, allows it to dwell there and then drains it to a sterile bag that you empty in the morning.
What is Dianeal low calcium peritoneal dialysis solution?
DIANEAL Peritoneal Dialysis Solutions are sterile, nonpyrogenic solutions in flexible containers for intraperitoneal administration only. The peritoneal dialysis solutions contain no bacteriostatic or antimicrobial agents. DIANEAL is a hyperosmolar solution.
How much fluid does peritoneal dialysis remove?
This is done by minor surgery. This catheter makes it possible for you to easily connect to a special tubing which allows two to three quarts of a cleansing fluid to flow into your belly. The cleansing fluid is called dialysate. It takes about 10 minutes for the dialysate to fill your belly.
What is the most serious complication of peritoneal dialysis?
One of the most serious complications of peritoneal dialysis is infection, which can develop in the skin around the catheter or inside the abdominal cavity (called peritonitis). Another potential, but less serious, complication of peritoneal dialysis is the development of a hernia, a weakness in the abdominal muscle.
What is Extraneal peritoneal dialysis (PD)?
Make a move to protect the choice of PD with Extraneal Peritoneal Dialysis (PD) Solution. EXTRANEAL (icodextrin) is indicated for a single daily exchange for the long (8- to 16- hour ) dwell during continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD ) or automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) for the management of end-stage renal disease.
What is Extraneal PD solution?
Extraneal PD Solution improves long-dwell ultrafiltration compared with glucose solutions, particularly in high and high-average transporters, as defined by using a PET test.
What are the side effects of dianeal solution?
Peritonitis has been associated with DIANEAL Solution use. Following use, inspect the drained fluid for the presence of fibrin or cloudiness, which may indicate the presence of peritonitis. Improper clamping or priming sequence may result in infusion of air into the peritoneal cavity, which may result in abdominal pain and/or peritonitis.
What are the possible complications of peritoneal dialysis?
If peritonitis occurs, treat with appropriate therapy. Encapsulating Peritoneal Sclerosis (EPS), sometimes fatal, is a complication of peritoneal dialysis therapy and has been reported in patients using DIANEAL Solution.