What is the scientific difference between a solid and a liquid?

What is the scientific difference between a solid and a liquid?

1. A solid is a state of matter that has a definite shape and volume while a liquid is a state of matter that has volume but no definite shape. 2. A liquid takes the shape of the container that holds it while a solid has a shape of its own.

What is different at the molecular level between solid ice and liquid water?

In water, the molecules in ice are further apart than they are in liquid water. This is unusual because the molecules of solids in most other substances are closer together than they are as a liquid.

What are 3 differences between solids and liquids?

The solid-state of matters is more elastic, hard, strong, tough, and flexible compare to the liquid states of matters. The density of solid-state is more compare to the liquid state. The solid-state of matters cannot be compressed whereas the liquid state of matters can be compressed.

What is the difference between a solid and a fluid What is the difference between a gas and a liquid?

solid: Has a definite shape and volume. liquid: Has a definite volume, but take the shape of the container. gas: Has no definite shape or volume. change of state: When matter is converted from one of the three states (example: solid, liquid, or gas) to another state.

How does a solid phase differ from a liquid phase on the molecular level?

In the solid phase the molecules are closely bound to one another by molecular forces. A solid holds its shape and the volume of a solid is fixed by the shape of the solid. In the liquid phase the molecular forces are weaker than in a solid.

Why are water molecules different in ice and water?

When water is in its solid state (ice), the water molecules are packed close together preventing it from changing shape. Ice has a very regular pattern with the molecules rigidly apart from one another connected by the hydrogen bonds that form a crystalline lattice.

What are the major differences between solids liquids and gases in terms of intermolecular forces?

Particles in a solid vibrate about fixed positions and do not generally move in relation to one another; in a liquid, they move past each other but remain in essentially constant contact; in a gas, they move independently of one another except when they collide.

What are five differences between solids liquids and gases?

For instance, solids have a definite shape and size. On the other hand, liquids are flexible and will take the shape of the container they are in. Finally, gases diffuse to fill up the available volume completely….Difference Between Solid Liquid and Gas.

Solid Liquid Gas
They cannot flow These flow from a higher level to lower They flow in all directions

What are the molecular properties of the three phases of matter?

Solid is the state in which matter maintains a fixed volume and shape; liquid is the state in which matter adapts to the shape of its container but varies only slightly in volume; and gas is the state in which matter expands to occupy the volume and shape of its container.

How do the water molecules differ in the liquid and gas states?

In a liquid, molecules are farther apart, can move around, and are not arranged in a pattern. The movement is what makes a liquid fluid (or pourable) and take the shape of a container it is in. The molecules in a gas are even farther apart than in a liquid and move freely with no pattern at all.

Why do solids and liquids behave differently?

Expansion. Particles behave differently in each state because the amount of energy a substance gains changes the rate of movement of the particles. The pace of movement and the space needed for the particles increases as it changes between solid, liquid and gas.