What is the theory of the 4 humours?
The Greeks believed that the body was made up of four main components or Four Humours. These Four Humours needed to remain balanced in order for people to remain healthy. The Four Humours were liquids within the body- blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile.
What is humoral or Galenic theory?
Humorism, the humoral theory, or humoralism, was a system of medicine detailing a supposed makeup and workings of the human body, adopted by Ancient Greek and Roman physicians and philosophers.
What were the 4 humors and how did they work?
Put simply, the four humours were: blood (sanguine), yellow bile (choleric), black bile (melancholic), and phlegm (phlegmatic). These four substances were organised around the four elements, the four qualities of cold, hot, moist, and dry, as well as around the four seasons, and even around planets.
Are the four humors still used today?
Imbalances between these humours were thought to be responsible for different moods and character traits – sanguine, phlegmatic, choleric and melancholic are all terms still in use today. Good health was felt to reflect a state in which the four humours were in balance; diseases arose when they were not.
What are Galen’s four personality styles?
According to Galen, the imbalance of pairs resulted in one of the four temperament categories (or personality types): sanguine (being optimistic and social), choleric (being short-tempered and irritable), melancholic (being analytical and quiet), and phlegmatic (being relaxed and peaceful).
What are the 5 B’s of Galenic medicine?
The Galenic body was fluid because it was composed of humors—blood, black bile, yellow bile, and phlegm—which were formed by the same elements that constituted the cosmos (fire, water, air, and earth).
What were Galen principles based?
Philosophy. Echoing a modern day-theory, for optimum health, Galen recommended exercise, a balanced diet, good hygiene, & bathing. Bordering on agnosticism – he was an avowed monotheist – he said it was impossible to know if the gods existed, how many there were, or even if the soul was mortal.
What was yellow bile?
Definition of yellow bile : a humor believed in medieval physiology to be secreted by the liver and to cause irascibility.
What is black bile in body?
Black Bile, called melancholy based on its Greek and Latin origin, represents cold and dry mentality and correlates with the natural element Earth. According to Humorism, the Black Bile humor definition is the liquid of the body responsible for depression, stomach issues, and other heavy, bodily ailments.