What were the 7 voyages of Zheng He?
Zheng He was a Chinese explorer who lead seven great voyages on behalf of the Chinese emperor. These voyages traveled through the South China Sea, Indian Ocean, Arabian Sea, Red Sea, and along the east coast of Africa. His seven total voyages were diplomatic, military, and trading ventures, and lasted from 1405 – 1433.
What was an important purpose of Zheng He’s voyages?
Zheng He commanded the largest and most advanced fleet the world had ever seen. The voyages were intended to display China’s power and culture and bring foreign treasures back to the Ming court. Zheng He set sail on his first voyage in 1405, commanding some 27,800 men.
What did Zheng He discover on his voyages?
Zheng meanwhile sailed to the East African nation of Somalia, where he obtained lions, leopards, ostriches, zebras, and other animals, which were viewed with amazement in China. Zheng probably died during his seventh voyage and was buried at sea.
Who was involved in Zheng He voyages?
This time in addition to visiting many of the same sites, Zheng He commandeered his 63 ships and over 28,000 men to Hormuz on the Persian Gulf. The main chronicler of the voyages, the twenty-five year old Muslim translator Ma Huan, joined Zheng He on this trip.
What was Zheng He first voyage?
Zheng He’s first voyage departed 11 July 1405, from Suzhou and consisted of a fleet of 317 ships holding almost 28,000 crewmen. Zheng He’s fleets visited Brunei, Java, Siam (Thailand), Southeast Asia, India, the Horn of Africa, and Arabia, dispensing and receiving goods along the way.
What happened on Zheng He’s 5th voyage?
During Zheng He’s fifth voyage (1417–19), the Ming fleet revisited the Persian Gulf and the east coast of Africa. A sixth voyage was launched in 1421 to take home the foreign emissaries from China. Again he visited Southeast Asia, India, Arabia, and Africa. In 1424 the Yongle emperor died.
What impact was brought by Zheng He’s voyages?
Finally, the Zheng He expeditions had a significant impact on the production and circulation of commodities across the Indian Ocean realm. These expeditions carried large amounts of gold, silver, silk and porcelain that were used for trade at foreign ports.
Why did the Chinese stop the voyages of Zheng He?
First, the Yongle Emperor who sponsored Zheng He’s first six voyages died in 1424. His son, the Yongle Emperor, was much more conservative and Confucianist in his thought, so he ordered the voyages stopped. In addition to political motivation, the new emperor had financial motivation.
What impact do you think was brought by Zheng He’s voyages?
What were the major events in Zheng He’s life?
Zheng He’s Achievements
- From Captive to Commander.
- Leader of a Great Armada.
- Voyages One and Two (1405–09)
- Voyages Three and Four (1409–15)
- Voyages Five and Six (1417–22)
- Voyage Seven (1431–33)
- Zheng He’s Legacy.
What happened on the second voyage of Zheng He?
On his second voyage, in 1408–09, Zheng He again visited Calicut—stopping as well in Chochin (Kochi) along the coast to the south—but encountered treachery from King Alagonakkara of Ceylon. Zheng defeated Alagonakkara’s forces and took the king back to Nanjing as a captive.
Why was Zheng He significant to the Indian Ocean trade?
Since he was determined to control trading in the Indian Ocean, one of his first acts was to commission the construction of 3,500 ships, with Zheng He supervising the construction and then commanding the fleet. Some of these ships were the largest marine craft the world had ever known.