Who started District Court in India?

Who started District Court in India?

The District Court, Nadia was established in 1871 during the rule of British period. The land for construction of this court was contributed by the WAKOF board in 1965. The court started with five Sub-Divisions namely Krishnagar, Ranaghat, Kushtia, Meherpur and Chuadanga in the pre-independence era.

What is Indian District Court?

The District Court or Additional District court exercises jurisdiction both on original side and appellate side in civil and criminal matters arising in the District. The territorial and pecuniary jurisdiction in civil matters is usually set in concerned state enactments on the subject of civil courts.

When was the District Court established in India?

Courts act was passed in 1904. In British Era the District judge would either be Barister at Law or a member of Indian Civil Services. Shri- Laxmi Narayan Agarwal was the First Indian District and Sessions Judge. He joined as District and Sessions Judge in the year 1922.

What are the powers of District Court in India?

The District Court hears criminal cases, domestic related cases and civil cases. The District judge in case of criminal cases has the power to give any punishment including capital punishment. The Chief Judicial Magistrate can deal with the cases which are punishable with imprisonment for a term up to seven years.

Why are district courts important?

District courts resolve disputes by determining the facts and applying legal principles to decide who is right. Trial courts include the district judge who tries the case and a jury that decides the case.

How do district courts work in India?

The district court is also a court of sessions when it exercises its jurisdiction on criminal matters under the Code of Criminal Procedure. The district court is presided over by a district judge appointed by the state governor with on the advice of chief justice of that high court.

What are the function of district courts?

Functions: The District Courts of Pauri Garhwal are presided over by a judge. They administer justice in India at a district level. These courts are under administrative and judicial control of the High Court of the State to which the district concerned belongs.

Which state has the most district courts in India?


  • Andhra Pradesh (13)
  • Arunachal Pradesh (16)
  • Assam (27)
  • Bihar (37)
  • Chhattisgarh (25)
  • Goa (2)
  • Gujarat (33)
  • Haryana (21)

How many district courts are in India?

672 District courts
There is a total of 672 District courts in India at present. Also, the ruling of the District Court is under the subject of the appellate jurisdiction of the High court.